ĐỀ THI IELTS READING VÀ ĐÁP ÁN - Australia and the Great War, 1914 – 1918

Australia and the Great War, 1914 – 1918

Australia’s role in the First World War, or the Great War as it was known until 1939, is central to the development of modern Australia’s vision of itself in the world. In many ways, it has served to create what is in some ways a second founding of the nation

Thumbnail

ĐỀ THI IELTS READING VÀ ĐÁP ÁN - Australia and the Great War, 1914 – 1918

Native Speaker - Trung tâm tiếng Anh 1 kèm 1 online qua Skype xin giới thiệu đến các bạn đề thi Ielts với tựa đề " Australia and the Great War, 1914 – 1918" thuộc chủ đề lịch sưe Native Speaker hi vọng cung cấp cho bạn thật nhiều đề luyện thi ielts reading nhằm giúp các bạn luyện tập kỹ năng đọc các vấn đề học thuật như khoa học, báo chí, thiên văn, địa lý. Chúc các bạn kiên nhẫn luyện tập lần lượt hết đề này đến dề khác để thấy khả năng đọc tiến bộ rõ rệt sau mỗi đề thi reading ielts.

Australia’s role in the First World War, or the Great War as it was known until 1939, is central to the development of modern Australia’s vision of itself in the world. In many ways, it has served to create what is in some ways a second founding of the nation in the Gallipoli campaign and on the battlefields of France and Belgium. The influence of the war experience in the First, and Second, World War is evident in the way in which ANZAC day is, perhaps even more than Australia day, the country’s national day.

When the war broke out in 1914, it was a certainty that, because of longstanding economic, family and defence ties, Australia, along with New Zealand, would stand alongside Britain. The then Prime Minister Andrew Fisher was quick to pledge the country’s support to “the last man, the last shilling”. This was no idle promise and Australia paid a high price for their loyalty to their colonizers. From a pre-war population of 5m, 417,000 enlisted in the armed forces, of which 324,000 served abroad. By the end of the war, Australia had lost 60,000 dead and 155,000 men had been wounded. The economic price was also high. The national debt, which had stood at ₤6m in 1914, was ₤325m by the end of the war.

 It is possible that the first shot of the war was fired in Australia, when a shot was fired across the bow of the German merchant ship Pfalz as it tried to escape from Port Arthur only a few hour after the declaration of war. In late 1914 the light cruiser HMAS Sydney sank the German warship Emden off the west coast of the country. Also early in the war, Australian troops captured the German radio transmitters in Rabaul and Nauru and conquered all of German New Guinea.

At first the Australian forces were intended only to defend Australia, but in 1915 the Australia New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) departed for Europe. Their first stop was Egypt and it was because they were so close that they were chosen to take part in the campaign to capture the Gallipoli peninsula, the key to shipping into the Black Sea, from the Turks. The plan was for British, French and Anzac forces to land on the peninsular at night at weak points in the Turkish defence. However, strong winds blew the troops off course to better-defended spots and in the advantage was lost. What followed was months of bitter fighting in which 20,000 British and 7,000 ANZAC soldiers were killed and which ended in a successful withdrawal, but no gain for the Allies. It was at this moment of history that Australia was propelled onto the world stage. From this moment onward Australia began to think of itself as a country in its own right; as being separate to Britain and no longer a colony.

Most of the ANZAC force was sent to Europe, but the Australian Light Horse remained to fight Turkish forces in Palestine and Syria. They defended the Suez Canal and advanced through Palestine and Syria. They also took part in what was one of the world’s last great cavalry charges at Beersheba.

The main ANZAC force arrived in Europe in 1916. The ANZAC experience was similar to that of the other participants in the war; a high death toll and little gain to be shown for it. Australian forces were present at all the major battles of the war and sustained some terrible casualties. For example, in 24 hours near Pozieres the 5th Division suffered 5,000 casualties. At the battle of Bullecort, of the 3,000 men who advanced, 2339 were killed, wounded or captured.

By 1917 most of the officers were not professional soldiers. The most prominent example was General Sir John Monash, who was an engineer by training. He commanded the allied forces at the battle of Hamel so well that the general staff published the battle reports as a model. In August 1918, he commanded 200,000 troops on what way called “Ludendorff’s black day”, a turning point in the war. Monash was probably Australia’s greatest military figure.

Unlike in other armies in the war, the Australian soldiers were all volunteers. They were also more individualistic and showed less respect for the rulebook than other soldiers. The relationship between ranks was more democratic and officers had to win the respect of their troops. All in all, they paid a high price for fighting in the war. Of the 324,000 soldiers who served overseas in the war, 215,000 were killed or wounded. This was the highest proportion of any of the countries in the war and was probably due to the Australians fighting qualities, which meant that they were often used on the frontline of the fighting.

At home, the war had a significant effect on the economy. Negative effects included the end of British investment, the closure of many shipping lanes and the stockpiling of Australia’s main export, wool. However, the isolation that resulted from the war meant that Australia had to make some things that had previously been imported. This led to the development of new industries. In addition, the BHP smelting company, which is now a major Australian company, saw a great increase in demand for iron and steel. The needs of the war were a stimulus for the beginning of full industrialization in Australia.

At the signing of the treaty of Versailles, which marked the end of the war, Australia signed as a separate country. This reflected the fact that, at the cost of 60,000 dead, Australia had finally emerged from the shadow of Britain. The Great War was, perhaps, the beginning of modern Australian history.

Questions 1-7
Complete the sentences below (1 – 7) with words taken from the passage.

Use NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Write your numbers in boxes 1 – 7 on your answer sheet.

1. According to the passage, Australia’s view of itself is directly related to its involvement in …………………………

2. Soon after the war had begun, Australia’s Prime Minister offered …………………………

3. Australia had an early involvement in the war and it is even possible that they were responsible for …………………………

4. When combating the Turkish defence, the British, French and Anzac forces ended up attacking stronger points than they had originally intended because of …………………………

5. The outcome of the bitter fight with the Turks was significant for Australia because it enabled them to take their place on …………………………

6. John Monash commanded the battle of Hamel so well that reports of the battle were published in order to be used …………………………

7. The Great War marked the beginning of modern Australia. They had emerged as a separate country and would no longer have to live under the …………………………

Classify the following statements as representing

Yes                Opinions the writer would agree with
No                 Statements the writer would disagree with
Not Given      Facts not reported in the passage

Questions 8-12
Write the appropriate letters in boxes 8 – 12 on your answer sheet.

8. Australia’s national debt increased greatly as a result of the Great War.
9. Australia made a great contribution to the successful outcome of the First World War.
10. The British forces suffered a greater number of casualties than the Anzac forces during the months of fighting with the Turkish.
11. Overall, the British had a higher proportion of soldiers killed or injured than Australia.
12. Australian soldiers were disrespectful to their superiors.

 

Trên đây là bài đọc reading "Australia and the Great War, 1914 – 1918", hi vọng bạn làm bài thật tốt và cải thiện được khả năng từ vựng cũng như ngữ pháp để hỗ trợ nâng cao kỹ năng làm bài reading ielts của mình. Thời gian tới Native Speaker hi vọng sẽ làm thêm phần giải chi tiết, dịch toàn bài đọc đồng thời liệt kê toàn bộ từ vựng hay và khó của tất các bài reading IELTS. Mong rằng đội ngũ Native Speaker sẽ sớm hoàn thiện kế hoạch này. Chúc các bạn rèn luyện và học tập thật tốt nhé. " Practice makes perfect"

Answer:
1. the Great War
2. the country’s support
3. the first shot
4. strong winds
5. the world stage
6. as a model
7. shadow of Britain
8. Yes 
9. Not Given
10. Yes
11. No
12. No

 

Các khóa học giao tiếp

Khóa học tiếng anh giao tiếp cơ bản 1 kèm 1

Khóa học tiếng anh giao tiếp cơ bản 1 kèm 1

- Dành cho các bạn level beginer - high beginer ( tham khảo bảng cấp độ tại đây). 

Khoá Học Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Nâng Cao 1 kèm 1

Khoá Học Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Nâng Cao 1 kèm 1

Bạn có thể nghe hiểu, giao tiếp trong những tình huống quen thuộc, nhưng gặp khó khăn trong những tình huống mới, không diễn đạt ý sâu sắc và chi tiết.

Khóa Ielts Speaking Online 1 kèm 1

Khóa Ielts Speaking Online 1 kèm 1

Khóa học Ielts speaking online, hình thức học 1 kèm 1 với 100% giáo viên nước ngoài giúp cải thiện khả năng giao tiếp, làm quen với phần thi speaking. Luyện speaking theo chủ để part 1, part 2, part 3.

Khóa luyện thi Starters, Movers, Flyers, KET, PET 1 kèm 1

Khóa luyện thi Starters, Movers, Flyers, KET, PET 1 kèm 1

Khi đăng ký khóa luyện thi khóa luyện thi online Starters, Movers, Flyers, KET, PET của Native Speaker, bé sẽ được học 1 kèm 1 với giáo viên nước ngoài, học online với linh học linh hoạt từ 8-23h.

Khóa Học Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Online Cho Trẻ Em 1 kèm 1

Khóa Học Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Online Cho Trẻ Em  1 kèm 1

Khóa học tiếng Anh giao tiếp online qua Skype dành cho trẻ em, hình thức học 1 kèm 1 với 100% giáo viên nước ngoài giúp cải thiện khả năng nghe nói

Khóa Học Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Văn Phòng 1 kèm 1

Khóa Học Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Văn Phòng 1 kèm 1

Nhân viên văn phòng, sinh viên mới ra trường đi phỏng vấn, quản lý, giám đốc, chủ doanh nghiệp muốn cải thiện TA để giao tiếp trong môi trường quốc tế

Khóa Học Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Phỏng Vấn 1 kèm 1

Khóa Học Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Phỏng Vấn 1 kèm 1

Khóa học tiếng anh phỏng vấn xin việc cấp tốc 1 kèm 1 online.  Giới thiệu bản thân, sở thích; điểm mạnh, điểm yếu; học vấn; kinh nghiệm và mục tiêu nghề nghiệp - Nghe - hiểu câu hỏi của nhà tuyển dụng -

Khoá Học Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Du Lịch Cấp Tốc 1 kèm 1

Khoá Học Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Du Lịch Cấp Tốc 1 kèm 1

Bạn sắp đi du lịch nước ngoài, nhưng khả năng giao tiếp chưa tốt, muốn có môi trường thực hành tiếng Anh, biết cách giải quyết các tình huống, xử lý thực tế.

Khoá Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Cho Người Mất Gốc 1 kèm 1

Khoá Tiếng Anh Giao Tiếp Cho Người Mất Gốc 1 kèm 1

Các bạn đã từng học tiếng Anh trong nhiều năm nhưng bị gián đoạn một thời gian dài không đụng đến tiếng Anh. Kiến thức lại trở về gần như là số 0.

Khoá Học Giao Tiếp Công Tác Cấp Tốc 1 kèm 1

Khoá Học Giao Tiếp Công Tác Cấp Tốc 1 kèm 1

Khóa học cải thiện khả năng giao tiếp tiếng Anh cấp tốc, học 1 kèm 1 online với GV nước ngoài, dành cho người sắp đi công tác nước ngoài.

Khóa Tiếng Anh Cho Người Định Cư Nước Ngoài 1 kèm 1

Khóa Tiếng Anh Cho Người Định Cư Nước Ngoài 1 kèm 1

Cải thiện giao tiếp, biết cách sử dụng tiếng Anh để làm giấy tờ, thủ tục khi qua hải quan, đến sân bay nước ngoài, ở nhà hàng, khách sạn.

Khoá Học Giao Tiếp Kinh Doanh 1 kèm 1

Khoá Học Giao Tiếp Kinh Doanh 1 kèm 1

- Giám đốc, quản lý, nhân viên muốn giao tiếp tiếng Anh để thương lượng, đàm phán, họp hành.

KẾT NỐI VỚI CHÚNG TÔI

DMCA.com Protection Status