Questions 31-40

Complete the notes below.

Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

Concerts in university arts festival

Concert 1

  • Australian composer: Liza Lim

  • studied piano and 31………………….. before turning to composition

  • performers and festivals around the world have given her a lot of commissions

  • compositions show a great deal of 32…………………. and are drawn from various cultural sources

  • her music is very expressive and also 33…………………….

  • festival will include her 34…………………… called The Oresteia

  • Lim described the sounds in The Oresteia as 35……………………..

  • British composers: Ralph Vaughan Williams, Frederick Delius

Concert 2

  • British composers: Benjamin Britten, Judith Weir

  • Australian composer: Ross Edwards

  • festival will include The Tower of Remoteness, inspired by nature

  • The Tower of Remoteness is performed by piano and 36……………………..

  • compositions include music for children

  • celebrates Australia’s cultural 37……………………..

Concert 3


  • Australian composer: Carl Vine

  • played cornet then piano

  • studied 38……………………. before studying music

  • worked in Sydney as a pianist and composer

  • became well known as composer of music for 39………………………

  • festival will include his music for the 1996 40………………………..

  • British composers: Edward Elgar, Thomas Adès


As you all know, the university is planning an arts festival for later this year, and here in the music department we’ve planned three concerts. These will be public performances, and the programme has just been finalised. The theme of the festival is links between the UK and Australia, and this is reflected in the music: each concert will feature both British and Australian composers. I’ll tell you briefly about the Australian music, as you probably won’t be familiar with that.

The first concert will include music by Liza Lim, who was born in Perth, Western Australia, in 1966. As a child, Lim originally learned to play the piano – like so many children – and also the (Q31violin. But when she was 11 her teachers encouraged her to start composing. She found this was her real strength, and she studied and later taught composition, both in Australia and in other countries. As a composer, she has received commissions from numerous orchestras, other performers and festivals in several countries.

Liza Lim’s compositions are vibrant and full of (Q32energy, and she often explores Asian and Australian Aboriginal cultural sources, including the native instrument, the didgeridoo: this is featured in a work called The Compass. Her music is very expressive, so although it is (Q33complex, it has the power of connecting with audiences and performers alike.

In the festival we’re going to give a semi-staged performance of The Oresteia. This is an (Q34opera in seven parts, based on the trilogy of ancient Greek tragedies by Aeschylus. Lim composed this when she was in her mid-20s, and she also wrote the text, along with Barrie Kosky. It’s performed by six singers, a dancer, and an orchestra that, as well as standard orchestral instruments, includes electric guitar, and a traditional Turkish stringed instrument. Lim wrote that because the stories in the tragedies are not easy to tell, the sounds she creates are also (Q35disturbing, and they include breathing, sobbing, laughing and whistling. The work lasts around 75 minutes, and the rest of the concert will consist of orchestral works by the British composers Ralph Vaughan Williams and Frederick Delius.


Moving on now to our second concert, this will begin with instrumental music by British composers – Benjamin Britten and Judith Weir. After the interval we’ll go to Australia for a piece by Ross Edwards: The Tower of Remoteness. According to Edwards, the inspiration for this piece came from nature, when he was sitting alone in the dry bed of a creek, overshadowed by the leaves of palm trees, listening to the birds and insects. The Tower of Remoteness is scored for piano and (Q36clarinet. Edwards says he realised years after writing the piece that he had subconsciously modelled its opening phrase on a bird call.

Ross Edwards was born in 1943 in Sydney, Australia, and studied at the Sydney Conservatorium of Music and the universities of Adelaide and Sydney. He’s well known in Australia, and in fact he’s one of the country’s most performed composers. He’s written a wide range of music, from symphonies and concertos to some composed specifically for children. Edward’s music has been described as being ‘deeply connected to Australia’, and it can be regarded as a celebration of the (Q37diversity of cultures that Australia can be proud of.

The last of the three Australian composers to be represented in our festival is Carl Vine. Born in 1954, Vine, like Liza Lim, comes from Perth, Western Australia. He took up the cornet at the age of five, switching to the piano five years later. However, he went to university to study (Q38physics, before changing to composition. After graduating he moved to Sydney and worked as a freelance pianist and composer. Before long he had become prominent in Australia as a composer for (Q39dance, and in fact has written 25 scores of that type.

In our third concert, Vine will be represented by his music for the flag hand-over ceremony of the (Q40Olympics held in 1996. This seven-minute orchestral piece was of course heard by millions of people worldwide, and we’ll hear it alongside works written by British composers Edward Elgar and, more recently, Thomas Adès.


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31. violin

32. energy

33. complex

34. opera

35. disturbing

36. clarinet

37. diversity

38. physics

39. dance

40. Olympics



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